Most of the contents and phrases in this Bible Study contents are used as it is in the books, for originality. The Books Used to collate and arrange the contents with my personal comments are :
- Willmington’s Guide to the Bible, Dr. Harold L. Willmington
- The Teacher’s Bible Commentary, H. Franklin Paschall and Herschel H. Hobbs
- What the Bible is all about, Henrietta C. Mears
- Halley’s Bible Handbook, Zondervan
- The Christian Life Bible notes, Dr. Porter L. Barrington
- Life Application Bible notes
- A guide to the Book of Genesis, John Hargreaves
- Bible is a library, and also a “Book”.
The content of Holy Bible is a story, a grand story that moves from commencement to finish. With variety of subjects and a unity of thought, it is available in an amazingly small form. It has different styles of literature but felt as though one hand and one life produced it. Though written by many hands, yet it is one story produced by one Mind (II Pet. 1:21) and given to us by 40 different men over a period of about 1600 years.
- It is a divine Book
While Bible was written by human hands, it is divine. Although it’s expression is human, it is a divine thought came in a divine revelation. Holy Men of God spoke (human element) moved by the Holy Ghost (divine element) in producing it (II Peter 1:21). It is a divine revelation, progressive revelation; Revelation of God to man communicated through man.
The book of Genesis has the information of beginnings and the book of Revelation has endings. Between them, books of Exodus to Jude, tells how God carried out His purposes. We cannot miss out any part of it.
- The Old and New Testaments
The Old Testament could be considered the foundation and the New Testament is the superstructure built on it. As how foundation has not any value unless a building stands on it, so are they each essential to the other.
The New is in the Old contained and the Old is in the New explained. From the origins in the past to issues in future, they connect the two eternities and the processes in between.
- It is One book with one purpose
The Bible is one book, one history and His story. Behind the thousands of events stands God, the builder of history, the maker of ages. Eternity bounds both sides and time is in between, God is working things out. It has one Purpose and we can go to the minutest of the detail anywhere in it to see the one great purpose moving through the ages – i.e., the eternal design of Almighty God to redeem a wrecked and ruined world.
- It is a revelation of God
God has taken pains to give a progressive revelation and we should take pains to read it from beginning to end. Everything in it points to Christ our King who says, “in the volume of the Book it is written of Me.” Each book has a message in it with a purpose to communicate and we must read it to find it.
Read it and seek illumination. Don’t put colored glasses of man’s opinions and their interpretations in to it. Let the Spirit of God Himself teach you. Each of you has a right to read it for yourself. No Scripture is given for any private interpretation (II Pet. 1:20).
The Word of God is alive and every part in it is necessary to see the perfection of the whole. Each part of it is important like each of our body organs, although some organs are precious than others. For example, we cannot pick the Song of Solomon alone and arrive at the perfect revelation of God in Bible. Solomon cannot be compared with John’s Gospel, but both are parts of an organism and the organism is not complete if any part is missing. So, do not tamper the Bible from its wholesomeness (Rev. 22:18-19).
General Understanding and Message of the Bible
Old Testament is an account of a nation (Jewish nation) and the New Testament is an account of a Man (the Son of man). The nation was founded and nurtured of God in order to bring the Man into the Nation (Gen. 12:1-3). God Himself became a man so that we might know what to think of when we think of God (John 1:14; 14:9). His appearance on earth is the central event of all history. The Old Testament sets the stage for it and the New Testament describes it. If all the deeds of Jesus were ever written, the world could not contain books (John 21:25). The whole Bible is built around the story of Christ and His promise of everlasting life to men. It was written only that we might believe and understand, know and love, and follow HIM.
The content of Genesis is the plot of the Word of God. Genesis in greek is “origin” and the first word in the Hebrew of Genesis is translated as “in the beginning.” This communicates both the scope and the limits of the book. It talks about everything except the beginning of God. Only beginnings are given not the finality. Upon its truths all the future revelation of God man is built up. Satan is exposed as the enemy of God from its beginning, as the deceiver of the human race; but it foretells his destruction and doom (Gen 3).
- Genesis is the book of beginnings.
It has the beginning of the world (1:1-25), the beginning of the human race (1:26 – 2:25), the beginning of the sin in the world (3:1-7), the beginning of the promise of redemption (3:8-24), the beginning of the family life (4: 1-15), the beginning of the man – made civilization (4:16 – 9:29), the beginning of the nations of the world (10,11), the beginning of the Hebrew race (12 – 50).
- Genesis tells how people began with God
Adam began with God and fell through disobedience (3:1-24), Abel began with God by the blood of sacrifice (4:4), Noah began with God by way of the ark (6:8,14,22), Abraham began with God when he built the altars (12:8).
Genesis begins with “God” and ends “in a coffin.” Therefore, the book shows the history of man’s failure. But the Bible says that God meets every failure of man. He is a glorious Saviour. Where sin abounded, He brought his grace to abound (Romans 5:20).
Since men rejected this important record of beginning with God because of his spiritual blindness, he started worshipping Chance as the Creator, Beasts as the ancestors and Fallen Humanity as the flower of natural Evolution.
- The history in Genesis.
Genesis gives us at least 2000 years of record. It is not entirely the full length history; but spiritual interpretation of history. Just in the first 2 chapters God flashes on wall the account of the creation of world and man. It begins then with the story of Redemption, God bringing the lost man back to Himself. Satan attacked this majestic book against its authorship of Moses, its scientific accuracy and its literal testimony to human sin as deliberate disobedience to God. But the history in Bible gives clearance to all of those attacks (John 5:46-47). If there were more study of Genesis instead of so much argument about it, its truth would be clearer.
The Genesis has divine origin of the Creator, Creation, promised Redeemer etc. The first eleven chapters have many other origins like, natural Universe, human life, civilizations, nations and languages etc. But from Chapter 12, we read the beginning of the Hebrew race, and its subsequent development with great figures like Abraham, Jacob, Isaac etc. This great Hebrew nation was founded with a definite purpose that through it the whole world should be blessed.
- The authorship of Moses.
Moses, guided by the Spirit of God wrote Genesis. It closes 300 years before Moses was born. He had access to historical records handed down from his forefathers. Jesus made clear reference about Moses (Luke 24:27; John 7:19).
Moses was educated in Pharaoh’s palace in the wisdom of Egyptians (Acts. 7:22) which included literary profession. Moses did make use of writing (Exo. 34:27; Num. 17:2; Deut 6:9; Josh 8:32)
Writing was common during Abraham’s times. In Ur, the Babylonia there were libraries with thousands of books, dictionaries, grammars, reference works, encyclopedias, Maths, astronomy, geography, religion and politics. Abraham might have written from Shem about Creation who in turn must have recorded all the promises of God given to him, perhaps, in the clay tablets, in cuneiform writing.
- Genesis answers great questions of the soul.
We get to know the details about, the eternity of God, where did man come from, when came sin, how can sinful man get back to God (Abel’s sacrifice), how can man please God (Abraham’s faith), how can we have power with God and man (Jacob’s surrender).
- The Spiritual Outline of Genesis.
- Generation – In the beginning God (1:1)
- Degeneration – Now the Serpent (3:1)
- Regeneration – Now the Lord (12:1)
2 – DAYS OF CREATION
(Genesis 1 & 2)
In Genesis 1, we can study about the Biblical account of Creation. Gen 1:1 tells us WHAT God did and Gen 1:2 – 2:25 tells HOW he did it.
The Summary of Creation :
Chapter 1 : The Flood light Account (A general description of the creation of the Universe)
Chapter 2 : The SPOTLIGHT Account (A specific description of Creation of man)
In Genesis 1:1, we read “In the beginning God…!” This one phrase refutes the Popular Philosophies.
- Atheism X There is a God
- Polytheism X There is but one God
- Evolution X He created all things
- Pantheism X He is apart from his Creation
- Materialism X There was a beginning to Creation
- Fatalism X There was purpose to Creation
Babylonian Creation Stories
Various epics of creation have been found in the ruins of Babylon, Nineveh, Nippur, and Ashur which are strikingly similar to Genesis creation. These epics were written on clay tablets from before the time of Abraham. These Babylonian, Assyrian as well as Egyptian stories are all grossly polytheistic – usually arguing for the preeminence of one of the gods and often reflect conflict or war among the other gods. The Biblical Creation story stands in stark contrast to these stories by its simplicity and clarity : “In the beginning God created…”
In the following paragraphs, we can learn about God’s creative acts in 6 days.
First Day (1:2-5) : Creation of light
The Holy Spirit moved (vibrated) upon the earth – The created Universe was then energized. Holy Spirit is omnipotent, his vibrating energy source began to flow our energy waves – waves of heat and sound magnetism. Thus the created Universe was energized. The rotation of the planet earth on its axis began at this time. 3 force fields came into effect :
- Gravitational force – force between two objects
- Electromagnetic force – force between electrons and nucleus
- Nuclear force – force between proton and neutron
The Word “Heaven” is plural. First heaven is the home of the birds and clouds (Dan 4:12; Matt 6:26). Second Heaven, the home of the sun, moon and starts (Ps. 19:1) and the third Heaven is the home of the angels and departed saints (II Cor. 12:2)
Day 2 – Separation of the waters (Gen 1:6-8) :
There are two forms of waters – (i) Ground water consists of land based water in oceans, rivers, and lakes and (ii) the Atmospheric water mainly made up of water vapour. The upper atmosphere may have had more water vapour than it has today in the form of a water canopy that screens the harmful U-V rays from the sun. This would help explain longevity of life before the Flood and explain the Flood itself.
Day 3 – Creation of plant life (1:9-13) :
On the third day, God created green vegetation which beautified the newly emerged dry ground. Remember it was supernaturally created, not an evolution by itself, which is proposed by the theory theistic evolution.
Day 4 – Creation of the sun, moon, and starts (1:14-19) :
God created the physical light on the first day. But here, he creates the special light sources. They are functional in 3 fold manner. (i) As signs – reminding the creator (Ps. 8:3; Rom 1:19-20), (ii) As seasons – to make calendar for dividing seasons and (iii) As lights – replacing the temporary light source of the previous days. The earth was created first which is most important to God, to prevent people following the Sun worship, God created the sun later, much after creating the earth.
Day 5 – Creation of fish and fowl (1:20-23) :
God created on this day from tiny humming bird to massive blue whale. Blue whale is longer and heavier than a Boeing 737, 110 feet and 150 tons.
Day 6 – Creation of land creatures and man (1:24 – 31) :
On this day God created all the land animals, from the dog to dinosaur. Man was created, made in the image of God and possessed the highest kind of life. Man alone could glance heaven wards and thank the Creator of both the eater and food.
- Plant life possessed unconscious life
- animal life possessed conscious life
- Man alone possessed self-conscious life.
Day 7 – God rests (2:1-3) :
After having created all the things, God rested on the seventh day. This is the only time where God is described as resting. It is the Symbol of finished Creation. There was nothing more to evolve.
God did not rest in absolute sense (John 5:17), but from this particular creative work. This was the basis of the Sabbath (Exo 20:11). The “Sabbath rest” is also an image of heaven (Heb. 4:4,9).
The Correlation of these Days
We can see the co-relation between days 1-3 and 4-6. Days 1-3 portrays the backdrop of the Creation drama and the Days 4 – 6 provides the actual actors in the drama.
Day 1 : Light X Day 4 : Sun, Moon, Stars
Day 2 : Firmament and Water X Day 5 : Fowl and Fish
Day 3 : Land and Vegetation X Day 6 : Animals and Man
What is the “image of God”?
Passages such as Gen 9:6 and James 3:9 show that the image of God in humans was not lost at the time of the Fall and that even those who are not part of people of God possess it. The phrase “image of God” is not used frequently in Scripture, and its exact meaning is difficult to determine.
- Some suggest it is the ability to think, feel emotions and to choose which amounts to the freewill.
- Others emphasise on the rulership over God’s creation, because Adam was commanded to name the animals and to be fruitful and multiply.
- Some other stress on the realational quality of the Triune Godhead that is hinted as “let us” and “our image.” – as there is relationship within Godhead, so do we humans have ability to enter into relationship with God and with other humans. However, this characteristic of the God-head is not fully revealed until much later (John 1:1-5).
It may be that the correct understanding of the passage may be more than one of the interpretations given. It is important that we as human created in God’s image are related to Him in a special way that is not shared by other animal life. We all are bearers of God’s image and it should influence how we treat each other.
3 – ARGUMENTS FOR OLD UNIVERSE
AND RECENT UNIVERSE
- The Gap Theory :
When God created a perfect and a complete Universe (Gen 1:1), Satan’s rebellion marred this perfect universe (v.2). Then, God started remolding the sin-marred creation. Therefore, this theory suggests that there was a birth and death of age happened to this very world.
Arguments FOR & AGAINST GAP Theory :
- “Without Form and Void”
For : “Without Form and Void” always indicates judgment (Isa. 34:11; 45:18; Jer. 4:23)
Against: These words can often simply refer to lifelessness and empty space. (Job 26:7; Deut. 32:10)
For : “was” in 1:2 should be translated “became.” Then we get the clue of a big episode that occurred after creation.
Against : Hebrew word hayethah (was) is almost always translated “was.” It is used 264 times in the Pentateuch. Of these, it is translated ‘was’ 258 times. (Eg. Jonah 3:3)
- Creation and Made
For : There is a difference between the words Created (bara) and made (asah).
Against : These words are used interchangeably.
Eg. (i) God created (bara) the great sea monsters. (1:21)
(ii) God made (asah) the beasts of the earth (1:25)
(iii) “Let us make (asah) man) (1:26)
(iv) “So God created (barah) man”(1:27)
For : “Darkness” always indicate judgment (1:2)
Against : Darkness here is simply the absence of light and is sometimes spoken of as being good (Ps. 104:20, 24)
For : “Replenish” in 1:28 indicates the world was once filled, then damaged, now replenishes.
Against : Hebrew world male almost always means simply “to fill.” (Exo. 40:34; 1 Kings 18:33; Ps. 107:9)
- Genesis says that it was only 6-days-Creation
Genesis chapter 1 presents Creation of God happening in just 6 days time, how shall we understand the contrasting view of Science that sees Earth’s age as billions of years old? When Bible does not say that six days were 24 hours in length, it could be either literal 24 hours or even millions of years in six units, for a day is thousand years with God.
Our sun, which determines 24 hours was not in place until 4th day, how it could be literal 24-hour day? Also we see that the term ‘day’ is used in different ways – light over darkness (v.4,5), evening an morning (v.8). So how to understand the day mentioned in Gen.1:1 in a strict 24 hours day of the earth?
This has made the Scientists work on getting evidences from the old earth. Whereas, some theologians coined the Theistic Evolution model of Creation. What is that?
It is the Mosaic–Darwinian Theory or Molecule to Man theory. It looks to Darwin for the when and how of Creation and then learn from Moses concerning the who and why of all things.
However, Bible says, this present earth is the first one, not the second (Rev. 21:1) and the fact is, if the first earth ceased to have form or content, there would be nothing left to examine.
This model of Theistic Evolution poses two serious flaws in the theory :
(i) Scientific Problem : Evolution runs contrary to the second law of thermo-dynamics which proposes, Creation is slowly deteriorating not forming from simple to complex (Ps. 102:26; Heb. 1:10-12)
(ii) Scriptural Problem : Darwin says life originated in slimy sea while Bible says it was on dry land on 3rd day. Moreover, Evolution directly contradicts the Creation of Eve from Adam and it reduces Adam to a spiritually transformed ape rather than an immediate creation in the image of God.
These are some of the popular arguments for Old Universe versus Recent Universe :
- Thermodynamics :
Old Universe proponents : Thermodynamics is not reliable for the age of Universe because Universe is open system.
New Universe proponents : Thermodynamics strongly claims that Universe in not billions of years old because of its decaying rate that could estimate it for few thousands of years only.
- Astronomy :
Old : A Uniform expansion is seen in the Universe which would estimate its creation back to 10 billion years.
New : The average life time of a comet is 10,000 years. Since many comets still exist, the solar system Is less than 50,000 years old. Moreover, the stability of Saturn’s rings (meant to attract the alien objects to its rings and works as a safety of the screen Solar system) indicate they are less than 1 lakh years old. Similarly, the depth of moon dust on its crust could be calculated to just 20,000 years, of a possible meteorite bombardment if so.
- Geology :
Old : The uniform rate of sedimentation worldwide can explain formation of rocks about 600 million years ago. Even, the index fossils are showing 3 billion years and the uranium salt deposition into the oceans measure 1 million years.
New : High oil pressures in deep deposits require a sudden burial less than 10,000 years only. The volume of lava deposit on earth’s crust and rate of volcanic activity argue only for 10,000 years of earth’s formation. Even the meteorite dust on earth’s surface cannot suggest an age of more than 1 lakh years. A world-wide flood could have deposited all known sedimentation in a two year period 5000 years ago.
Moreover, Volcanoes have spewed forth enough water to fill the oceans cannot take it back beyond 1 lakh years and the influx of helium-4 into the atmosphere tells the birth of atmosphere to 10,000 years only.
- Radiometric Dating :
Old : Carbon 14 has dated animal and planet specimens as old as 1000 to 1 billion years and the Periodic modification of decay by natural calamities sets the beginning of life about 1 billion years ago.
New : Experiments show that carbon 14 dating is accurate back to only about 10,000 years.
- Physics in General :
The present rate of decay of the earth’s magnetic field sets the age of the earth back to a maximum of 10,000 years.
In Chapter 1, the Creator is called “God” (Elohim), the generic name of the Supreme Being. But in Chapter 2, it is “the Lord God” (Yahweh Elohim), His personal name. It is the first step in God’s revelation of Himself.
- What was God doing before he created man?
- He was having fellowship with his Son (John 17:5,24)
- He was creating angels and stars (Job 38:4,7)
- He was choosing the elect (Eph. 1:4,2; II Tim. 1:9)
- He was planning for a Church (Eph. 3:8-9)
- He was preparing for a Kingdom (Matt. 25:34)
- He was planning for a Saviour (I Pet 1:18-20; Rev. 13:8)
The list thus gives us the clear idea that God has a clear purpose for creating the world. He has a sovereign plan for the entire history of mankind from the time the Universe was created. It was parallely conceived in his mind.
Seven great names and messages in Genesis:
- Now with Abel at the cross of the slain lamb
- Catch step with Enoch and walk with God
- Believe God and launch out with Noah on God’s waters
- Go forth with Abraham in faith
- Dig wells with Isaac and get down to divine resources
- Climb ladders with Jacob and see God
- Be true like Joseph and live with God.
4 : THE FALL OF MAN
(Genesis 2 & 3)
IN THE GARDEN OF EDEN
In the garden of Eden, there was
- No rain, but “streams” (2:5,6) – The translation “mist” would seem preferable. It would mean that for a while, the earth was watered by heavy fogs, because the earth’s surface was so warm, and consequent vapors so dense, that cooling rain drops on the far outer fringes of the clouds would turn to vapor again before they reached the earth.
- The tree of life (v.9; 3:23) – The tree of life indicates that immortality is dependent on something outside ourselves.
- The tree of knowledge of good and evil (v. 9, 17) – This tree was “good for food,” “pleasing to the eye,” and “desirable for gaining wisdom” (Gen 3:6). Whatever exact nature of this tree- literal, figurative, or symbolic – the essence of Adam and Eve’s sin was this : they wanted to transfer control of their lives from God to themselves.
God had, in substance, told them they could do anything they wanted to, except for that one thing. As long as they were in right relationship with God – in other words, all long as they recognized God as their creator and master – they experienced life as God had intended it to be, and they were truly the crown of God’s creation. They were completely satisfied with this life until Satan, in the form of a serpent, deceived them into thinking that if they were like God and knew what He knows, life would be even better. Once this seed of deception had been planted, they became dissatisfied. They wanted to “be like God.” They wanted to be their own master and sole master of God’s creation.
The strategy of Satan
In Genesis chapter 3, we get to a very important part of human life that has turned the course of the history to this day. The Devil tempts and our first parents yield to him and disobey God. Sin enters the human race.
- Devil speaks through the serpent. (3:1)
Adam and Eve could apparently communicate the animal kingdom prior to the Fall in ways totally unknown to us today. Serpent was most intelligent and most beautiful animal before the fall. It could have stood upright and perhaps having wings before the fall (Other two animals which spoke in the Bible is a donkey (Num. 22:28) and an Eagle (Rev. 8:13) From this point on, the serpent becomes a symbol for teachery (Ps. 58:4, Matt 23:33, Rev. 12:9). In Genesis, the serpent is both literal and figurative. He is not called Satan, although the NT later identifies him as such (Rev. 12:9)
- Devil begins by doubting God’s Word
Devil began by the question “has God said?” (3:1) This question attracted Eve and she said, “Yes, he did.” That was the dialogue that deviated her into next step and eventually the fall. We should not try to answer to such question as this. We are to resist Devil but never debate (Jas. 4:7, I Pet 5:8-9).
- Devil ends by telling lie.
He affirmed her, “You shall not surely die” (3:4). On the one hand he told true, but its half true – their eyes opened, they did know good and evil, but not as God did. God of course wanted Adam to know what good is and what evil would be, but he is now discovered by experience what evil was and what good would have been. Instead of recognizing the evil from the summit (platform) of good, they now must recognize the good from the abyss of evil. Often experience is not the best teacher, for the tuition may be too expensive.
Sin of Adam
- Adam became the first sinner.
Chronologically, Eve ate first (II Cor. 11:3, I Tim. 2:14) but theologically Adam is declared as the original sinner (Rom 5:12). Adam was not tricked/decieved (I Tim. 2:14), Satan knew that Eve could be deceived and that Adam would fall because of his great love of her. The reason was Adam was made the head of the human race, and responsible for his actions. Failing to do what God intended is sin – Missing the mark. Coming short of God’s glory (Rom. 3:23) – failing to accomplish God’s original purpose – to reveal His glory. Adam failed; came short of; sinned.
- Adam attempts to cover his nakedness before God (Gen.3 :7)
Drastic change in his physical and spiritual condition, the light of innocence disappeared. Desperate effort happened to cover themselves with leaves. This event is the essence of man-made religion throughout the history.
Religion is to cover shame without the righteousness of Christ. Adam and Eve tried it with leaves. Today, men try it with various religions. Christians with various things like giving to the charity or to the church.
- He attempts to hide himself from God.
The ultimate tragedy of sin – sin not only separates one from God but desires to hide away from God. But this cannot be done (Ps. 69:5, 139:7, Matt. 10:26, Rev. 6:15-17). Adam and Eve were overcome with a deep sense of guilt that made them aware of their nakedness. Man cannot sin against God without experiencing a profound sense of alienation and shame.
The Redemption of God
So far God exhibited his Creative actions, but now on his Redemptive actions. His holiness and grace is revealed. God did not leave them alone their fallen condition. He sought them in the twilight of that tragic day. His clearest word to them was one of condemnation, but the encounter was not without hope, for God’s love is from the beginning.
- God Pronounced 5-fold judgments.
- God never put a curse upon man – unlike upon the serpent, Satan and soil. It shows his desire to redeem man. Adam mlt tol for his living in a hostile environment.
- Suffering of childbirth by woman was not so much a direct judgment but, an indirect results of sin. Eve must endure the travail and submission to her husband.
- The paradise became wilderness – roses has thorns and tiger suddenly became meal eater – to continue till the curse is lifted and the world is redeemed (Rom. 8:19-25)
- Serpent had yielded its body to serpent, so it will crawl in the dust.
- Serpent will have its head crushed by the Savior – a thrilling prediction of Cross and Savior. Both of them must struggle desperately with the serpent’s seed as he pours his venom into their lives. Yet the serpent’s head will one day be crushed and evil conquered by woman’s seed, born of her travail.
- God’s grace is explored.
In seeking out Adam (v.9) – Bible is not a man’s search of God, rather God’s search of man, taking first step to reconcile man to himself. In Promising a Savior for them (v.15). In clothing them, some innocent animal had to die. In removing them from the Garden of Eden – It’s a mercy of God than judgment, to prevent mankind from partaking of the Tree of life and living with the sin forever in immortality.
In spite of the fallen state of man which made him to send out of paradise, there is still hope for him the grace of God. His nakedness is covered by God himself, an act which symbolizes God’s forgiveness. While paying the penalty for our thoughtlessness, we are able to find God’s forgiveness also.
Called as the first Gospel (proto-evangelium) – Refers to the mortal conflict between mankind (seed of woman) and evil (seed of the serpent). Man crushes the head of the Serpent; the fangs of the serpent crush his heel. The victory implied in this passage will clearly take a miracle.
Man deserves to die, but God will surely not allow evil to defeat his good purpose for man. A way will be found to get man back into that garden. Gen. 3:15 does not tell us how. It remains for the N.T to declare that Jesus has fulfilled this passage. In him man has finally conquered Satan (Rev. 12:9).
Hope of Redemption
Men amidst his toil, and condemnation should return to dust, but one day will rise above it, for the gate to the tree of life not locked forever, or the tree uprooted.
But guarded by the angelic cherubim (Ezek. Chapters 1 and 19), who will turn their swords aside when the man who overcomes arrives before that gate (Rev. 2:7). Garden of Eden was not destroyed. It is kept in its pristine condition for the benefit of another more perfect generation (Is.5; Rev. 2:7, 22:1ff)
Will Adam be there in Heaven?
Adam was created perfect, but he sinned. But was he redeemed later?
- Gen 3:21 – God clothed Adam and Eve in coats of animal skins. Doubtless some innocent animal died to provide this clothing. This act is typology of Salvation.
- 4:4 – Abel knew the right way to God was by the blood of a lamb. It seems reasonable to assume this knowledge came from Adam.
Truth for today
Eve preferred the word of Satan to the Word of God. This decision continues to confront us. Time and time again we come face to face with an act which the Word of God condemns. Yet, we ignoring the Word of God, decide to do it.
Temptation is overcome by believing and obeying the word of God. Jesus knows the Scripture well enough to apply its truth to overcome every temptation. Now He uses it as he helps us in our struggles.
5. THE SATAN
Satan’s Origin (Ezek. 28:11-19)
This passage gives us a glimpse of Satan’s Past (what he was), his present state and his future. Ezekiel addresses King of Tyre, who was a self-proclaimed god. But no stretch of the imagination does the king of Tyre fit the description of this created supernatural person. Thus, this passage must be interpreted in the same manner as the Messianic Psalms. The only person fits this Scripture is Satan.
- He was God’s Masterpiece :
- the seal of perfection (v.12) : the sum of God’s creation, one-of-a kind with no peer/match
- Full of wisdom : God has endowed him with supernatural wisdom, but not complete wisdom. See how he deceived Eve first.
- Perfect in beauty : Most beautiful created by God, that it filled him with pride (v.17).
- But Satan wanted more – He fell when God found him full of iniquity.
- He was God’s anointed cherub who covers (v.14)
- Cherub is an Angel
- His duty was to cover the throne of God (Ex. 25:20)
- Satan was not just a Cherub, he was the anointed Cherub.
God anoints for 3 offices : Prophet, priest, and king. Satan could have been anointed for all 3 offices. He is the only angel anointed for any office.
- He was in Eden, the garden of God (v.13)
- Careful reading tells us that this Eden was not the Garden of Eden in Gen.3. In Gen.3, he was already a fallen angel.
- In this Eden, he had every precious stone as his covering (v.13). This covering is similar to the breastplate of the high priest (Ex. 28:15-20). So perhaps Satan had indeed been anointed as high priest of Eden.
- Only high priest had the privilege of entering into the very presence of God (Lev. 16:2-4).
- So in the first Eden, he was without sin- perfect, but when iniquity was found in him, God casted him as a profane thing out of the mountain of God.
- However, he still has access to the throne of God (Job 1:6)
Satan’s Fall (Isa. 14:12-15)
When the king of Babylon had been snared and taken captive “by him (Satan) to do his will,” (II Tim. 2:26), Isaiah prophesied that the enslaved would take up a taunting chant against the king (vv 3-11). This Babylonian Monarch filled with satanic splendor, power and pride, was a visible symbol of the invisible prince of the power of the air, who controlled him and perhaps dwelled in him (Eph. 2:2).
Jesus saw his fall
“How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning” (v.12) was echoing in Jesus’ words, “I saw Satan (the morning star) fall like lightning from heaven (Luke 10:18).
Satan fell from his original exalted office
Satan fell from his position when he desired to put his self-will above God’s perfect will; Or when he claimed equal rights to God himself as co-born (perhaps that is the reason God had to keep the Tree of knowledge as the point of accountability).
5 times he said, “I Will.”
- I will ascend into heaven (v.13)
- I will exalt my throne above the stars of God (v.13) – He was given the delegated authority to rule over the angels. But he was not satisfied, he wanted authority over all God’s creation.
- I will also sit on the mount of the congregation on the farthest sides of the north (v.13) – He wanted to receive worship along with God, from the host of heaven assembled to worship God.
- I will ascend above the heights of the clouds (v.14) – His throne was beneath the clouds – a limited part of Creation.
- I will be like the Most High (v.14) – He did not will to overthrow God andrule the universe; he wanted equality with God.
He is God of this World (II Cor. 4:3,4)
In His sovereign will, God has allowed Satan to exercise limited power over this world. We do not know why. This is one of God’s secrets (Deut. 29:29). God has allowed him to roam about on this earth (Job 1:7)
Satan has access to the presence of God, but he is not omnipresent like God
He has limited access to the presence of God, to accuse believers (Job 1:6-12). He will be cast out of
heaven permanently, however, by the archangel Michael (Rev. 12:7-9).
Satan has great power, but not all power
God only is omnipotent (Matt. 28:18). God has all authority over His universe at all times.
As the god of this age, Satan is worshiped (v.4)
They worshipped the dragon (Rev. 13:4). Bible calls him only a fallen angel, not a rival god. We should not worship him as God.
Satan has limited power to obstruct the gospel
- He has power to hide (hinder, obscure) the gospel from those who are perishing (v.3). So, as God’s children we should share the gospel to the lost, if not we are hiding it from them, only assisting Satan.
- He has power to blind the minds of those “who do not believe.” But the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ (v.4) has the power to illuminate their minds and set them free from spiritual darkness and eternal damnation. We must go with the gospel, and share it in the unlimited power of the indwelling Holy Spirit, who is greater than he that is in the world (I Jn. 4:4).
- He has the power to steal the Word of God from the hearts of those who hear, but do not understand the gospel (Matt. 13:19). Therefore, we must take time to make very clear the Good News of Salvation, because we are sharing the “natural man” who does not have the spiritual capacity to understand the gospel (I Cor. 2:14).
Satan has limited power over this world system
Jesus called Satan the ruler of this world 3 times (Jn. 12:31, 14:30, 16:11). Paul told that Satan is the
prince of the power of the air (Eph. 2:1-2). The air is the abode of the disembodied evil spirits which
are called as demons. Believers are not completely immune to the power of Satan or the demons ofthe
air (Acts 5:3). Satan is the ruler of the demons (Matt. 12:24) – the Chief devil and all other demons
obey his will.
6 – THE FIRST MURDER
Adam and eve were created in a state of innocence but with the power of choice. They were tested when endowed with clear minds and pure hearts, with the ability to do right. God gave them His own presence and fellowship. Satan acting through a serpent, tempted Adam and eve to doubt God’s Word. They yielded and failed in the test. Sin entered the world. Satan still influences men to disobey God. They were separated from God, the ground was cursed, and sorrow filled their hearts. In mercy God promised One who would redeem men from sin (Gen 3:15). The seed of the woman (the virgin-born Jesus) would come to destroy the works of the devil (I John 3:8).
The wife Cain chose may have been one of his sisters or a niece. The human race was still genetically pure, and there was no fear of side effects from marrying close relatives.
- CAIN AND ABEL
Cain was the first child and Abel the second child ever born in this world. The birth of Cain and Abel illustrates the fourth of the 4-fold methods God has chosen to bring human beings into the world.
- A man without mother or father (Adam)
- A woman without a mother (Eve)
- A man without a father (Jesus)
- Individuals having both mothers and fathers (all the human beings)
Eve rejoiced at the birth of her first child and called her Cain meaning “Possession” for having something “all her own” to possess in the alienated world. Cain became a farmer and Abel a shepherd.
The Sacrifices of Cain and Abel
Immediately after the fall, men began to offer sacrifices unto the Lord. No doubt their sacrifices were ordered of God for the purpose of (i) keeping before man the fact of his fall and (ii) of the Coming Sacrifice. It would be by the shedding of His blood that man was to be redeemed from sin and death (Heb.9:22). Cain brought the fruit of the ground and Abel: the firstlings of his flock (Gen. 4:3-4).
Why was Cain’s Sacrifice rejected ?
Bible is not very clear, but both of the brothers knew what God truly expected. We can say that since Cain was a farmer, it might have been natural for him to bring his produce. Even the later Mosaic system accepted the fruit offerings for Thanks offering. Some suggestions are :
- The blood offering was the principal offering in the Old Testament. His offering was a bloodless offering to God. (Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:22). It was an offering from the ground that was cursed by God.
- Therefore, without blood any offering was not an act of saving faith.
- However, any sacrifice brought to the Lord must be done so with proper motivation and through faith and obedience.
- Cain’s attitude was improper, or not up to God’s standards (Prov. 21:27), perhaps evil intend. God evaluates both our motives and quality. Not how much we give, but how we give.
- Cain might have brought the first-fruits, his best, but he did not.
- Cain expressed his gratitude for helping him grow crops (as in Canaanite traditions), but Abel made a symbol of pouring out his life marking his total dependence upon God.
- So we can say, that Cain did not do the will of God but acted according to his own will. He had a form of godliness but denied its power (Heb 11:4).
- The purpose of religion is not to thank God for helping to fulfill our will, but to help man discover and carry out the will of God for him.
- Cain’s offering became a type of Salvation by works (Titus 3:5) but Abel’s a type of salvation by grace (Eph. 1:7).
- Cain’s was a type of dead religion, but Abel’s a type of life. The life of the flesh is in the blood and therefore, the life of Christianity is in the blood of Christ. (Lev. 17:11).
Abel was the first one to obey God. He was a shepherd and he presented pleasing sacrifices to God. His life ended in the hands of his jealous brother. In Abel’s Offering one could observe the first lamb seen in the highway to the Cross. Later, at the Passover, there will be one lamb for one household (Exo. 12). Then, on the Day of Atonement, there will be one sacrifice for the nation (Lev. 16). Finally, it is Christ who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29)
- The Murder
When his sacrifice was rejected, Cain became Angry. God asked, “Why has your countenance fallen? (v.6). It was a gracious warning and a preventive of meditated crime. God takes note of our sinful passions and discontents.
- After Cain’s sacrifice was rejected, God gave him the chance to right his wrong and try again.
God encouraged him to do that. But he refused.
- God told, “Sin was crouching at his door” – By not surrendering his jealousy and anger, he was giving foothold to sin in his life.
- Like Cain, we will be victims of sin if we do not master it.
But we can’t master sin in our own strength. We must turn to God to receive faith for ourselves and faith and strength from other believers. The Holy Spirit will help us master sin. This will be a life-long battle that will not be over until we are face to face with Christ.
Cain killed Abel (4:9)
- The first murder – taking a life by shedding human blood. Blood represents life (Lev. 17:10-14).
- If blood is removed from a living person, he/she will die. Because God created human life, he should take it.
- The disagreement on how to worship the Lord ended in murder. No controversies breed more hostility than religious ones.
- Adam and Eve saw the first dead body – they saw the divinely declared consequences fo their sin in the lives of their children, before they could experience it themselves.
- Too late to understand the death about which God had warned them.
- Abel’s Blood
Throughout history, Abel is remembered for his obedience and faith (Heb. 11:4) and he is called “righteous” (Matt. 23;35). He was the first Shepherd and the first martyr for truth. God recognizes the innocent person and sooner or later punishes the guilty.
“Where is Abel, thy brother?” (v.9)
God knew him to be guilty; yet he asks him, that he might draw from him a confession of his crime. For those who would be justified before God, must accuse themselves. Cain said, “I know not.” Thus, in Cain the devil was both a murderer, and a liar from the beginning.
“voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.” (4:10)
Cain, having killed his brother, dug a hole and burled him in the earth, hoping thereby to prevent the murder from being known. But, THE GROUND-which hath opened her mouth to receive it from thy hand is directly calling.
You think to conceal it, but the evidence against thee is clear and uncontestable but his voice blood crieth. It could be the cries of Abel’s widow and children are to be understood, as it is very probable that he was father of a family.
- The voice of Abel’s blood was calling aloud for the punishment of the murderer; and it is evident that Cain expected to fall by the hands of some person who would have the right of the avenger of blood. Because the murder is found out, he expects to suffer death for it.
- God avenges the wrongs against his saints, though no one complains: for the iniquity itself cries for vengeance.
- He speaks as if the blood itself were both witness and prosecutor, because God’s own knowledge testified against him, and God’s own justice demanded satisfaction.
- The blood is said to cry from the ground, the earth (Gen 4:11) which opened her mouth to receive his brother’s blood from his hand. The earth did as it were blush to see her own face stained with such blood; and therefore opened her mouth to hide that which she could not hinder. One day God will avenge for everybody who called like Abel (Rev. 6:9-10)
- Cain prayed and Cursed
Cain prayed and Cursed
Cain prayed for protection (v.14). Since Adam and Eve had numerous children, as they were told to fill the earth (Gen. 1:28). Cain’s guilt and fear over killing his brother were heavy, and he probably feared repercussions from his family. If he was capable of killing, so were they.
However, Cain was severely punished for this murder. He was driven from the blessings of God. Then, Cain stands and complaints against God (vv.13-14). Unpardoned guilt fills men with continual terrors. It is better to fear and not sin than to sin and then fear. So what he says is not of the greatness of his sin, but of the extremity of his punishment, as if this were disproportionable to his merits.
Instead of justifying God in the sentence, he condemns him, not accepting the punishment of his iniquity, but quarrelling with it. Impenitent proud hearts does not easily transform by God’s rebukes because they think themselves wronged by them; and it is an evidence of great hardness to be more concerned about our sufferings than about our sins.
God judges all sins and punishes appropriately, but not simply out of anger or vengeance. Rather, God’s punishment is meant to correct us and restore our fellowship with him. When corrected, let us not resent it. Instead we should renew our fellowship with him.
Is Cain Protected by God?
“Whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him seven-fold…” (Gen. 4:12). God said this because if someone slays him the sentence upon him that he should be a fugitive and a vagabond, would be defeated. Condemned prisoners are under the special protection of the law; those that are appointed to public justice must not be sacrificed to private revenge. God having said in Cain’s case, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” (Deut 32:35; Pr 24:29; Ro 12:17) it would have been a prohibition for any man to take the sword out of God’s hand, a contempt put upon the declaration of God’s mind, and therefore it will be avenged seven fold.
Note, God has wise and holy ends in protecting and prolonging the lives even of very wicked men. God deals with some according to that prayer, “Slay them not, lest my people forget; scatter them by thy power” (Psa. 59:11). Had Cain been slain immediately, he would have been forgotten (Eccl. 8:10); but now he lives as a more fearful and lasting monument of God’s justice.
What does the mark stood for?
An idea that the people knew what it stood for. Such marks came to be used to record ideas, words, or combination of words made on pottery either painted or graved which later on became written language, such kind of writings are found in the lowest levels of the prehistoric cities of Babylonia. First writing began – when God put a mark or sign on Cain.
It was a mark of disgrace and stigma, that wise people will shun him and made him a fugitive and vagabond ever. The curse was that instead of being a farmer he would become a wanderer on the face of the earth. Later on his descendants took compensation for his restlessness and became settlers in different professions.
7 – THE STORY OF NATIONS
- The First Civilization
The civilization before the flood is called the antediluvian civilization. It was started by Cain and ended in destruction by the judgment of Flood.
Cain married and dwelled in the land of Nod (4: 16-17). We see civilizations develop through Cain’s descendants. Cain built the first city and named it Enoch after his own son, means “dedication.” This urban project was no doubt was an attempt to counteract God’s curse (4:19). Archaeologists confirm that the people of the world before the flood were not mere savages but attained considerable degree of civilization.
- The material Civilization
Everything in material civilization is touched in Genesis 4:16-22.
- Lamech’s family (v. 23-26) : Cain’s great-great-great-grandson Lamech became the first recorded polygamist (4:19). He was,
- The first recorded song writer (the word “speech” in Gen. 4:23 may; refer to a poem or ballad).
- The second recorded murderer (4:23)
- Boasted his pride of achievement and exclaimed his self-defence ability by killing another person with sword introduced by his skilled son Tubal-Cain.
Followed by him, violence was on the rise and the guilt of divine punishment too increased (4:24).
- Herdsman Jabal (4:20) : Jabal was the inventor of the tent and developer of the nomadic lifestyle. He also devised formal systems for domesticating and commercially producing animals apart from sheep. His name means “wanderer.”
- Musicians – Jubal (4:21) : Jubal was the inventor of both stringed and wind musical instruments. His name means “sound.”
- Artificers and manufacturers – Tubal-Cain (4:22) : Tubal Cain was the inventor of Metallurgy both in bronze and iron.
Trade of construction began when Cain built the city after the name of his son Enoch (4:17). The civilization founded by Cain may have been equal to that of Greece or Raome, but God’s judgment was upon it. (Gen. 6:5-7)
- The Line of Seth (V.25-26)
Only the line of Seth, Adam’s third son, turned to God. Enosh meaning “weakness,” felt his need of God’s strength.
- Seth would take Abel’s place as a leader of line of God’s faithful people. From his time, we see the appearance of two distinct groups :
- Those who are in sin and evil
- Those who call on the name of the Lord (the descendants of Seth)
- THE ancient contemporaries
General Observations from Genesis 5 :
- According to Gen. 5:4, Adam and Eve had sons and daughters. Thus, Cain doubtless married one of his sisters. (That is why Cain was afraid of somebody who would kill him someday).
- The names in Gen 5 are repeated in exact order in I Chron. 1:1-4 and Luke 3:36-38. According to this, the Creation must have took place around 4000 BC. The Flood occurred around 2400 BC (1,656 years after Creation)
- The Contemporaries of Adam were noteworthy. Adam was contemporary with Enoch for 308 years and died 57 years before Enoch’s translation. Seth (Adam’s son) lived to see Enoch’s translation and died just 14 years before the birth of Noah. Noah was contemporary with Abraham for 58 years. Shem (Noah’s son) outlived Abraham by 35 years.
- Some gaps noted in Bible times. Gen 10:24 tells us that Arphaxad begat Salah who begat Eber. But Luke 3:35-36 tells that Arphaxas begat Cainan who begat Sala, who begat Uzziah. Matthew 1:8-9 tells us that Asa begat Jehoshaphat, who begat Jehoram, who begat Uzziah. But II Chron. 17-26 says that Asa begat Jehoshaphat, who begat Jehoram, who begatg Ahaziah, who begat Joash, who begat Amaziah, who begat Uzziah.
- Some understanding of Bible dates. The ages of the patriarchs in Bible as listed here were the ages attributed to them in Hebrew tradition. It is significant to note that the ages given in the Greek Septuagint and the Samaritan Pentateuch differ from these and from one another.
When the traditions are handed down, changes sometimes occur which are similar to those that happen with texts are copied.
8. THE MINISTRY OF ENOCH
Enoch was one of the two men who was said to have walked with God before the flood (the other was Noah – Gen 6:9). “Walked with God” means he had testimony that pleased God (Heb. 11:5). In step with God, made spiritual progress one step at a time, Grew in the grace and knowledge of God (II Pet. 3:17) and was steadfast in his walk with God, all the way to heaven.
No longer going in his own way or walking according to the course of this world system which is satanic (Eph. 2:1,2). He had a transparent spiritual life that could be seen by people. He had a total commitment to the revealed will of God (Rom 12:1) demonstrating fulfilling the good and perfect will of God (Ps. 40:8)
- Meaning of Methuselah
Bible does not say that Enoch walked with God until his first son was born. The literal meaning of his son’s name Methuselah in Hebrew means “When he is dead it shall be sent.”
- This hints that God had told Enoch that when Methuselah died that world was going to be destroyed by a terrible flood.
- This must have inspired Enoch to walk closely with God.
- This probably why Methuselah lived longer than any man in the world (969 years), for God was not willing that any should perish and was giving sinful mankind as much time for repentance as possible (I Tim 2:4; II Pet 3:9)
- Enoch was a man of great faith (Heb. 11:5)
Enoch demonstrated his great faith by preaching to the people. He fervently preached to the
people about the second coming of the Lord Jesus (Jude 14-15).
- Enoch never died
Enoch was one of two human beings who got to heaven without dying physically. The other was Elijah(II Kings 2:11). Someday, millions of Christians will experience the same thing (I Cor. 15:51-52; I Thess. 4:16-17). We will all participate in the coming of the Lord and caught up
- Enoch lived a transparent witnessing life
One day Enoch vanished, disappeared and was taken up in the presence of his witnesses. Just
like Elijah who was taken up in whirlwind. But Elijah was taken up in the presence of witness,
Elisha witnessed it. When Jesus was taken up, the disciples were witnesses (Acts 1: 9-11).
- God took him
His spirit and soul would have left his body and search parities could have found it and buried it. But, Enoch was translated (taken up) because he pleased God by faith (Heb. 11:5).
Enoch was the one man from the long list given in Gen 5, who did not share the fate common to all men since the fall of Adam. Death as we know it did not come to him. He was taken directly to be with God. Why? He walked with God. This could happen to those who walk with God (Psa. 73:24).
9- THE FLOOD
- Biblical view of Flood Story
God had been long-suffering in His patience with men. The Holy Spirit had striven with men. Noah found favour in the sight of the Lord. He was the only follower of God left in his generation. He was the second father of the human race. Noah had warned them for 120 year while he was building the ark. God’s response to the severe situation was a 120-year long last chance, during which he had Noah build a graphic illustration of the message of his life. Nothing like a huge boat on dry land to make a point! For Noah, obedience meant a long-term commitment to a project.
Even after Noah and his wife and his 3 sons and their wives –taking with them two of every unclean and 14 every clean animal – had entered into the ark of safety, there was a respite of seven days before the flood came; but God’s mercies were refused and so men had to perish (Gen 6-7).
Noah was saved from the flood by the ark (a perfect type of Christ, our Ark of safety). When he came out, the first thing he did was to erect an altar of worship God (8:20). The Lord smelled the pleasing odour (8:21)
- Noah and Grace
God saw Noah as a righteous man. No human in the world can boast of being righteous since the human fall as their righteousness are but filthy rags, but those who have received the grace of God in humility are called as righteous. God extended such grace to Noah and he received it.
Some have limited the word law to the Old Testament and the word grace to the New Testament. But this is not so. See in Gen.6, early in Old Testament history and long before Mosaic Law, Noah experiences the marvelous grace of God. A more correct summary of the Old and New Testament would thus be:
- The Old Testament is the account of how God in grace dealt with the nation of Israel and sinners.
- The New Testament is the account of how God in grace deals with the church and sinners.
- God Commanded Noah
God commanded Noah to construct an Ark, a floating barge by the size of 450’ x 75’ x 45’ using Gopher wood. God commanded to,
- To cover both the outside and inside of the ark with pitch. The hebrew word for pitch is kapar. In almost every instance in the OT, kapar is translated as “atonement” (Exo. 30:10), to atone is to cover with blood. As the oily pitch protected the ark form the Flood judgment, so that blood of Christ protects the believer from the sin judgment.
- To collect a male and female of all earth’s animals, including 7 pairs of clean animals, like ox and lamb.
Noah was man of action – God commanded, Noah acted. Once he knew the will of God for his life, he obeyed – ingrained, unwavering, active obedience to God’s revealed will. He was conformed to the purposes of God. Noah walked with God. He was conformed to the purposes of God, not to the ways of the pre-Flood world system; had nothing in common with that wicked generation (II Cor. 6:14-18). God’s first invitation to come (Gen. 7:1) extended to Noah’s family. Final one is in Rev. 22:17.
- Flood Begins
When did the flood begin? In the month of November (Creation scientist Frederick Filby) – the 17th day of the 2nd month in Noah’s Calendar (Gen. 7:11). It is this day indelibly enshrined the memory of human race, of people around the world, as November brings the day of the dead. In the Western Countries November 2 is All Soul’s Day. From the beginning day, 371 days elapsed from Noah’s entry into the ark (7:11) and his exit (8:18).
The trigger of flood – Dr. Henry Morris (Ph.D., expert in hydrology – the nature of moving water) suggests a domino effect :
- A secondary source of water, existing in the vast subterranean reservoirs that were heated and pressurized in the earth’s mantle. An earthquake triggered to unleash those waters.
- Such an earthquake both allowed the underground water to explode through the fractured earth, but the immense amounts of dust blown skyward initiated the condensation and precipitation of the water canopy above that brought all the waters in the form of cloud bursts and rains.
- The Pre-flood earth
The pre-flood earth must be as Alfred Wegener named it Pangea. Although Bible proponents, pointed it to the age of Noah, the scientists give millions of years to it, going behind 300 million years ago. Let us have more details about what scientists who do not have Biblical references have to say about it.
- The Pangea
- It was one supercontinent called Pangea which was surrounded by a single ocean called
- By the modern theory called plate tectonics, the Earth’s outer shell is broken up into several plates that slide over Earth’s rocky shell, the mantle.
- The older earth is further divided as Cretaceous (65 million years ago), Jurassic (145 million years ago), Triassic (200 million years ago) and Permian (250 million years ago).
- As a result of churning and circulation in the Earth’s mantle the break up and formation of modern continents as dramatically made.
Alfred Wegener puts several lines of evidence.
- Coal deposits found in Pennsylvania have a similar composition to those spanning across Poland, Great Britain and Germany from the same time period, indicating North America and Europe must have once been a sing landmass.
- The fossil record, identical plants, such as the extinct seed fern Glossopteris are found on now widely separated continents.
- The mountain chains that now lie on different continents, such as the Appalachians in the United States and the Atlas mountains in Morocco were all part of the Central Pangea mountains, formed through the collision of the supercontinents Gondwana and Laurussia.
- The Division of Pangea
The Division of lands from Pangea according to the scientists :
- Gondwana split from Laurasia and further they divided into other continents.
- Gondwana divided into Afica, South America, Antarctica, India and Australia
- Laurasia divided into Eurasia and North America.
In this new formation, there are findings about the old land forms, its life and climatic conditions.
Having one massive landmass would have made for very different climactic cycles. The coal deposits found in the United States and Europe reveals that parts of the ancient supercontinent near the equator must have been a lush, tropical rainforest, similar to the Amazonian jungle, essentially having plentiful life on land.
Traversodontidae, the ancestors of mammals lived then were a family of plant-eating animals. Later continents drifted again making them all extinct and giving birth to different animal life.
The current configuration of continents is unlikely to be the last. Super continent is unlikely to be the last. Supercontinents have formed several times in Earth’s history, only to be split off into new continents. For instance, Australia in inching towards Asia and the eastern portion of Africa is slowly peeling off from the rest of the continent.
- Flood and Continental Drifts
The more we study about the great Flood of Noah’s day the more we realize it was a time of vast tectonic change on earth. Processes during the great Flood acted on an unimaginable scale, accomplishing extensive geologic work.
- The Flood-Activated Sedimentation and Tectonics (FAST) oro inect at ICR researches this great catacalysm shows certainty of the Flood activation.
- The phenomena of rock sequences that were moved horizontally from its place of origin, could have happened certainly by a catastrophism.
- Heart Mountain’s strata are known to be out of order, with the older layers stratigraphically above the younger ones were proving that large blocks on the older layers were removed extraordinarily rapidly, requiring abnormal pore pressures building up in a saturated condition to buoy the rock along at such a rapid pace.
- Looking for Biblical Pre-Flood land.
Sir Charles Marston, often called as an “archaeologist with a purpose,” deciphered ancient clues and silenced many critics of the Bible by unearthing thousands of witnesses in stone and pottery. Records of many persons that scientists have said never existed have been brought to light; only Bible names have been unearthed and proved.
Marston tells us about the land mentioned in Genesis lies around the river Euphrates. The surrounding country is called Shinar, or Chaldea or Mesopotamia. We have known it as Babylonia; today it is called the Kingdom of Iraq.It is a land of deserts through which the Tigris and Euphrates flow down to the Persian Gulf. The deserts are studded with the ruins of ancient cities and scored with the channels of old irrigation canals; the silt has submerged all.
The excavations have revealed the ruins of a vast civilization which existed in 5000 BC.Those evidences of an era have been left by two great peoples – the Sumerians and Semites. The Semites take their name from Shem, the eldest son of Noah. Abraham and the Hebrew race sprang up.
- Archaeological evidence for the Biblical Flood
The discovery in Mesopotamia has ample accounts for the evidence of the flood catastrophe both in the cuneiform writings and in the actual flood deposits. A clay prism has also been found on which are inscribed the names of the ten kings who reigned before the flood.
Dr. Langdon’s expedition found evidences of the flood at Kish near ancient Babylon. Dr. Woolley’s discoveries of the deposits were made while excavating Ur of the Chaldeas, between Baghdad and the Persian Gulf. His Kish excavations revealed 2 distinct flood strata, the one 19 fts below the others. Dr. Langdon reported that Babylonian and Assyrian scribes frequently refer to the age “before the flood.” One king praises himself as one “who loved to read the writings of the age before the flood.”
- Other Flood Traditions in ancient Cultures
- Egyptian – the gods at one time purified the earth by a great flood, from which only a few shepherds escaped.
- Greek – Deucalion warned that the gods were going to bring a flood upon the earth because of its great wickedness; he built an ark, which came to rest on Mt. Parnassus. A dove was sent out twice.
- Hindu – Manu, warned, built a ship in which he alone escaped from a deluge that destroyed all creatures.
- Chinese – Fa-He, founder of Chinese civilization, is represented as having escaped from a flood – sent because man had rebelled against heaven – with his wife, three sons, and three daughters.
- English – The Druids had a legend that the world had been repeopled by a righteous patriarch who had been saved in a strong ship from a flood sent to destroy man for his wickedness.
- Polynesian – Stories of a Flood from which eight escaped.
- Mexican – One man and his wife and children were saved in a ship from a flood which overwhelmed the earth.
- Peruvian – One man ona done woman were saved in a box that floated on the flood waters.
- Native American – Various legends, in which one, three, or eight persons were saved in a boat above the waters on a high mountain.
- Greenland – The earth once tilted over, and all men were drowned, except on man and one woman, who re-peopled the earth.
10 – ARRIVAL ON A NEW WORLD & BEGINNING
Genesis 9:18 – 10:32
Biblical view of Flood Story
God had been long-suffering in His patience with men. The Holy Spirit had striven with men. Noah found favour in the sight of the Lord. He was the only follower of God left in his generation. He was the second father of the human race.
Noah had warned them for 120 year while he was building the ark. God’s response to the severe situation was a 120-year long last chance, during which he had Noah build a graphic illustration of the message of his life. Nothing like a huge boat on dry land to make a point! For Noah, obedience meant a long-term commitment to a project.
Even after Noah and his wife and his 3 sons and their wives –taking with them two of every unclean and 14 every clean animal – had entered into the ark of safety, there was a respite of seven days before the flood came; but God’s mercies were refused and so men had to perish (Gen 6-7).
Noah was saved from the flood by the ark (a perfect type of Christ, our Ark of safety). When he came out, the first thing he did was to erect an altar of worship God (8:20). The Lord smelled the pleasing odour (8:21)
- Flood passed and the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat.
The ark touched land in the mountains of Ararat, located in present-day Turkey near the USSR border. There it rested almost 8 months before Noah, his family, and the animals stepped onto dry land.
God knew that even though the water was gone, the earth was not dry enough for Noah and his family to venture out. What patience Noah showed, especially after spending an entire year inside his boat! God told Noah to “be fruitful and multiply upon the earth.” (Gen. 8:17;9:1)
- God remembered Noah (8:1)
God remembered Noah as he later would remember – Lot in Sodom (Gen. 19:29), Israel in Egypt (Exo. 2:24; 6:5), The thief on the Cross (Luk. 23:42).
Noah stepped out of the ark onto an earth devoid of human life. But God gave him a reassuring promise – (i) Never again will a flood do such destruction, (ii) As long as the earth remains, the seasons will always come as expected and (iii) A rainbow will be visible when it rains as a sign to all that God will keep his promises.
- God blesses Noah’s family
The ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat. God told Noah to be fruitful and multiply just like to Adam but the word subdue is left out now.(Gen. 8:17, 9:1 and Gen. 1:28).
To subdue meant acquiring a knowledge and mastery over his material environment, to bring its elements into the serviced of the race. But now Eden’s sin and the Flood judgment had so radically changed man’s environment that he would find it quite impossible to fully subdue anything.
- God established a Rainbow
There is no note in the passage that this was the first time Raibow appeared. But, what was previously a phenomenon of nature is given a new significance, its beauty reminding both God and man of his promises.
As soon as Noah was once again on dry land, God proceeded to correct any misconceptions he or later generations might have imagined because of the deluge.
It was likely, every time a heavy rain began to fall, that men would fear another flood. God would never again destroy the earth through a flood (Gen 8:21-22; 9:9-17). But next time, the destruction comes by fire (II Pet. 3:10)
Noah was assured that the regular cycles of nature would occur as long as the earth stood (8:22). God’s mercy would triumph over his wrath even if man still deserved to die (8:20-22)
- The Covenant of God
This agreement is between God and all mankind, not only between God and His chosen people (9:15). It was with all the descendants after him (9:9). God says to Noah, “man is sinful, but I will make an agreement with him (8:21b). I promise that I will not destroy him. I will protect him. I will “bless” him.
God then shows Noah the laws by which man must live with other men and with other living creatures. Man’s part in the agreement is to live in this way. It was not sufficient to live under his laws, they should return to live His sons and daughters who love Him, that is the reason he made them. That is the reason, he made special covenants with a special group of people – Jews. 2 such special steps of God is seen Gen 12, Exo 19. The final one was the New Covenant through Jesus Christ (I Cor. 11:25).
The Noahic Covenant, are part of mankind under “natural” laws, meant for this world. But there is a special covenant New Covenant revealed in Jesus, that promises eternal life. Therefore, Christians live under two covenants.
- New Laws
- The fear of animals was prophesied (9:2)
- The flesh of animals for man’s diet was permitted (9:3)
- Life is required of the man who killed another man (9:6)
To “demand an accounting” (v.5) means God will require each person to account for his actions. We cannot harm or kill another human being without answering to God. A penalty must be paid. Justice will be served.
Since God has so quickly destroyed the human race, some might have concluded that human life was cheap. Therefore God warned Noah that this was not the case. Any man who took another’s life must pay with his own.
- The tragedy following the Flood (9:20-29)
Noah became drunk form his own vineyard and exposed himself within his tent. His son Ham and grandson Canaan viewed this nakedness. Canaan especially incurred the wrath of his grandfather for the part he played in this. Noah predicted the future physical and spiritual lifestyle of his three sons and their descendants. Noah died age the age of 950. The ultimate tragedy in his life may be seen the fact that no spiritual accomplishments whatsoever are recorded during his final 350 years.
- Noah begins his new life and ends up cursing (vv.18-24).
Noah, the great hero of faith, got drunk from the winepress he made – a poor example of godliness to his sons. Perhaps this story is given to show us that even godly people can sin and that their bad influence affects their families. Although the wicked people had all been killed, the possibility of evil still existed in the hearts of Noah and his family.
Ham mocks and gossips his father’s nakedness to his both brothers Shem and Japheth, who helped in covering their father, without seeing him. Noah learns after getting up.
- Hebrews viewed nakedness as a shame.
- Ham’s mischievous act is mentioned as “uncovering the nakedness.”
- Ham’s attitude revealed a severe lack of respect for his father and for God.
- “Cursed be Canaan” (v.25).
The actual offender must be Canaan his son or Ham was also called as Canaan.
This verse has been wrongfully used to support racial prejudice and even slavery, upon Negroes by whites. Was Canaan (white man) to be slave of the Endo-Europeans (Japheth)? Negroes are not descendants of Canaan (white people) but are the descended from Ham. The curse was not predicted upon all the Ham’s descendants, but only upon Canaanites.
Noah’s curse, however, wasn’t directed toward any particular race, but rather at the Canaanite nation – a nation God know would become wicked. The curse was fulfilled when the Israelites entered the promised land, and drove the Canaanites out. For the Israelites, who received this book from Moses as they were on the way to the Promised Land i.e., Canaan, Noah’s prophecy was an encouragement.
- God through Noah had placed a curse on the Canaanites.
- The Israelites could therefore advance without fear, since God would give the Canaanites into their hands.
- This was underscored by the blessings on Shem and Japheth : “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Shem…May God extend…” (v. 26-27). The Israelites, as descendants of Shem, could rely on God’s presence.
- Drunkenness is morally inexcusable, but idle gossip about such an error is even worse, God took Noah’s sin seriously.
Noah predicted the future physical and spiritual lifestyle of his 3 sons and their descendants.
- Noah died (vv.28-29).
Noah died at the age of 950. The ultimate tragedy in his life may be seen by the fact that no spiritual accomplishments whatsoever are recorded during his final 350 years.
Noah’s sin has been taken seriously. Once who walked with God (Gen. 6:9) is now dead. Like Enoch God could have taken him gloriously, but after Noah sinned, it simply says “he died.”
11 – THE TOWER OF BABEL
The Story of men uniting in Disobedience
Men Unify to honor themselves (11:1-4) : A rebel named Nimrod (grandson of Ham) instigated a religious building program (consisting of both an astrological tower and a city) on the plains of Shinar near Babylon.
God separates men for their disobedience (vv.5-9) : God punished this evil attempt and separated mankind into small ethnic groups by confusing their once universal language into many dialects.
- The Migration (11:1-2)
According to the biblical tradition, the first migrations after the expulsion from the Garden of Eden were eastward. Genesis 11:2 says that after the flood the migration was west-ward.
- The Tower (11:3-4)
Finding an ideal spot, men began to build a tall tower or ziggurat (“high rise temple”) that would win them universal acclaim.
- Ziggurat : The tower of Babel was most like a ziggurat, a common structure in Babylonia at this time. Most often built as temples, ziggurats looked like pyramids with steps or ramps leading up the sides. Ziggurats stood as high as 300 fts and were often just as wide; thus they were the focal point of the city. The people in this story built their tower as a monument to their own greatness, some thing for the whole world to see.
- Skyscraper : Some say they were trying to work their way into heaven, but the expression “unto heaven” is surely an idiom meaning “a tall tower.” A skyscraper does not scrape the sky, nor did their tower reach unto heaven. From the ground it would look as if it reached the sky.
- Shelter : Others say that it was an attempt to build above the possible level of another flood but they could not have hoped to build it higher than Mt. Ararat.
- What was wrong about the effort to build the tower of Babel? (11:5-7)
The most likely purpose of building the Babel was that they were building a tall, conspicuous tower that could be seen for miles around (making a name for themselves) so that men would migrate to the city and not scatter to regions beyond.
- Monument : The tower of Babel was a great human achievement, a wonder of the world. But it was a monument to the people themselves rather than to God.
- God’s Place : We may build monument to ourselves to call attention to our achievements. These may not be wrong in themselves, but when we use them to give us identity and self-worth, they take God’s place in our lives. We are free to develop in many areas, but we are not free to think we have replaced God. What “towers” we have built in our life?
- Multiply : This collection of people and making a name, in the context of God wanting the people to scatter and fill the earth, was obviously contrary to God’s purpose. We are to live to the glory of his name and his purposes, not our own, and our concern should be for the whole world. “Be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth and subdue it.” (Gen. 1:28).
- “Lest we be scattered” This verse shows that a second reason for disaster is fear. Great civilized nations of today are spending millions of pounds on bombs and rockets because of their fear of each other, while the money spent on these weapons could provide houses and food for poor and hungry people.
Whatever the exact historical event may have been like, the purpose behind the Tower of Babel was similar to that of Adam and Eve in Genesis 3. The people wanted to build a migdal, a fortified city, with “a tower that reaches the heaven” (vv. 3-4) – i.e., they wanted to be autonomous and grab divine power. They wanted to transcend their human limitations.
- Who built it? Nimrod (10: 8 – 12)
The genealogical lists of chapters of Genesis are occasionally broken by interesting personal notations, significant one like Nimrod. He is mentioned as a Mighty Warrior, Mighty Hunter, King (his…Kingdom) (10:8-10).
- Nimrod was the most outstanding leader in the 400 years between the Flood and Abraham. Grandson of Ham (v.8) and born soon after the Flood, he may have lived through the whole period (from 11:10-16). He was a very enterprising man.
- His fame as a “mighty hunter” (v.9) meant that he was protector of the people at a time when wild animals were a continual menace. Early Babylonian seals represented a king in combat with a lion; this may be a tradition of Nimrod.
- Nimrod’s empire (10: 8-12)
- Nimrod was the founder of the great, godless Babylonian empire.
- In his ambition to control the rapidly multiplying and spreading race, he seems to have been leader in the building of the Tower of Babel (v.10; 11:9).
- And after the confusion of languages and the dispersion of the people, Nimrod seems later to have resumed work on Babylon. Then he built 3 nearby cities – Erech, Akkad, and Calneh – and consolidated them into one kingdom under his own rule. Babylonia was long known as “the Land of Nimrod.”
- Still ambitious to control the ever-spreading race, Nimrod went 300 miles further north and founded Nineveh (though one version says it was Asshur) and 3 nearby cities : Rehoboth Ir, Calah and Resen. This constituted Nimrod’s northern kingdom. For many centuries afterward, these 2 cities, Babylon and Nineveh, founded by Nimrod, were the leading cities of the world.
- The Dispersion (11:8-9)
God heard of their effort and “came down” to see what they were doing. They were building a tower “unto heaven” but it was so far short of that objective that God had to come down before they could see it!
- Why did God come down?
As small as the beginnings were, however, God observed that if left alone, men would reach their objective. So he came down. Anyone who has been working in a cause contrary to the will of God will understand how Babel’s confusion of tongues came about. Selfish, ambitious men soon lost all means of communication with one another.
- Attempt to avoid Scattering : The builders at Babel clearly stated that they were making their mighty effort in order to avoid being scattered abroad (11:6). Then it is twice stated that God scattered them abroad anyway (11:8-9). If we are absorbed only with our little circle of concern, he will force us to become aware of world needs. Either we will go into all the world voluntarily or God will send against our will. Go we must! How many more “world wars” must be fought before we truly pursue world peace?
- Absence of God’s way of living : There is no teaching in the Bible that “old ways are better’” or that cities and civilization and progress are wrong. But we learn here and elsewhere that all civilized states or people will meet disaster unless men live in a certain way. This is true about all states and people. It is true about states governed by dictators, and states whose government is freely elected. It is true of countries which are said to be “Christian” and countries said to be ‘anti-God,” unless they overcome the desire to be independent of God.
- Trying to be own gods : In Genesis we have already seen examples of people who tried to be independent of God (Adam, Eve, Cain). Today there is perhaps a greater temptation to live independently of God that there has ever been before. This is because we have discovered how to control more and more of our surroundings through science.
- God’s Action :
The Bible does not end here. God has planned to rescue mankind out of disaster. In Gen 12, we shall read of the great step that God took in His work of rescuing, the step of choosing Abraham. Bible is the story of God’s continuing actions and callings to man “Will you die?… Turn and live” (Ezek. 18:31, 32).
- The story of Pentecost
Acts 2:4-11 is a picture of the unity which God gave and still gives to those who are willing to receive His spirit. Pentecost has been called “the Tower of Babel turned upside-down.”
The confusion of languages occurred in the fourth generation after the Flood, about the time of the birth of Peleg (10:25), which was 101 years after the Flood and 326 years before the call of Abraham (10:26). It was God’s method of dispersing the race so that the kingdom man was creating would never exclude God’s kingdom.
The significance of the Tower of Babel becomes clear when we look at it in contrast to the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2), which is its counterpoint.
Genesis 11 Acts 2
– Babel, the city built by people – Jerusalem, the city of God
– The people reach for heaven – God the Spirit descended from heaven
– Languages are confused; – A single language is understood by all those present
people no longer can understand each other
– The people are scattered – The people come from all over
12 – THE RELIGION OF BIBLE
Nimrod the Hunter
The genealogical lists are occasionally broken by interesting personal notations. One of the most significant is the reference to Nimrod (9:8-10). Even God regarded him as a great hunter (“the mighty hunter before the Lord”). This description does not mark him as a godly man, but rather accentuates his strength. Not only was Nimrod the founder of the sport of hunting, but he also became the symbol of the anti-God forces of the world. His association with Babel, and the later experiences of Israel with Babylon, place him at the heart of the anti-Messiah ideology.
- What really took place in Babel?
Gen 11:1-4 does not teach that early mankind stupidly attempted to build a tower which would reach into outer space!
Especially to be noted are the words in verse 4 “may reach.” They are in italics in the KJV to show they are supplied by the translators and therefore not in the original Hebrew text. In reality the phrase should read “whose top is in heaven.”
- A rebellion :
Years prior to building the tower of Babel, the world’s first murderer, Cain, heard God say, “A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth” (Gen. 4:12). Now Cain’s spiritual children were rebelling against the same God, but they were anxious to stay together, lest they share Cain’s fate (Gen.11:4).
- The astrological tower :
Archaeological evidence suggests that the Tower of Babel was in reality a building given over to astrology, or the heathen worship of the heavens. Among the ruins of ancient Babylon is a building 153 fts high with a 400 foot base. It was constructed of dried bricks in 7 stages, got correspond with the known planets to which they were dedicated. The lowermost was black, the color of Saturn, the next orange, for Jupiter, the third red, for Mars, and so on. These stages were surmounted by a lofty tower, on the summit of which were the signs of the Zodiac.
- The devil Worship :
Dr. Donald Barnhouse affirms this interpretation :
It was an open, defiant turning to Satan and the beginning of devil worship. This is why the Bible everywhere pronounces a curse on those who consult the sun, the moon, and the stars of heaven (Genesis: A Devotional Exposition, p. 71).
- The Satan’s Church
Satan’s church is existing in the world and is spreading its religious system everywhere. In Rev. 17 the destruction of World’s religious system is prophesied. It all began with Babel.
- Beginning of Satanic Worship
Nimrod’s construction of the Babel began the Satanic Worship officially in Gen. 11:1-9, nearly 24 centuries BC. Here, in the fertile plain of Shinar, probably very close to the original Garden of Eden, the first spade of dirt was turned for the purpose devil worship.
- The first full-time minister of Satan was Nimrod, Noah’s wicked and apostate grandson (Gen. 10:8-10).
- Secular history and tradition tell us that Nimrod married a woman who was as evil and demonic as himself. Her name was Semiramis. Knowing God’s promise of a future Saviour (Gen. 3:15), Semiramis brazenly claimed that Tammuz, her first son, fulfilled this prophecy.
- Semiramis thereupon instituted a religious system that made both her and her son the objects of divine worship. She herself became the first high priestess. Thus began the mother-child cult that later spread all over the world.
- The City of Babylon :
The city of Babylon was the seat of Satan worship until it fell, in 539 BC, to the Persians.
- From the city of Babylon, it spread to Phoenicia under the name of Ashteroth and tammuz.
- From Phoenicia it traveled to Pergamos in Asia Minor. This is the reason for John’s admonition to the church at Pergamos in the book of Revelation (Rev. 2:13)
- In Egypt the mother-child cult was known as Isis and Horus.
- In Greece it became Aphrodite and Eros.
- In Rome this pair was worshipped as Venus and Cupid.
- In China it became know as Mother Shing Moo and her child.
- J. Dwilight Pentecost sees another parallel in early Mexican religion.
“Several years ago I visited an Archaeological museum in Mexico city. A recent find had just been put on display which Mexican archeologists had authenticated as belonging to the period about 200 years before Christ. The object was the center of religious worship among some of the early Indians in Mexico. To my amazement, it was an image of a mother with a child in her arms. This Babylonian religion spread abroad to become the religion of the world.” (Prophecy for Today, p.133).
- What was the teaching of Semiramis’ satanic church?
According the teaching of this religion, Semiramis herself was the way to God. She actually adopted the title “Queen of Heaven.”
- Queen of heaven
The queen of heaven alone could administer salvation to the sinner through various sacraments, such as the sprinkling of holy water.
- Her son Tammuz was tragically slain by a wild boar during a hunting trip.
- He was, however, resurrected from the dead 40 days later. Thus, each year afterward, the temple virgins of this cult would enter a 40 day fast as a memorial to Tammuz’s death and resurrection.
- After the 40 days fast, a joyful feast called Ishtar took place. At this feast colored eggs were exchanged and eaten as a symbol of the resurrection. An evergreen tree was displayed and a Yule log was burned. Finally, hot cakes marked with the letter ‘T’ (to remind everybody of Tammuz) were baked and eaten.
- The Baal
About 2000 BC., God called Abraham away from all this (Josh 24:2-3) and led him into the Promised Land. But by the 9th Century BC, Israel had returned to this devil worship under the influence of wicked Jezebel (I Kings 16:30-33). At this time the cult was worshipped under the name of Baal. Both Jeremiah and Ezekiel warned against this hellish thing (Jer. 7:18; 44:25; Ezek. 8:14).
- At the time of Christ
By the time of Christ, this cult had so influenced Roman life that the Caesars were not only crowned as emperors of Rome, but also bore the title Pontifex Maximus, meaning “high priest.” They were high priests of the Babylonian satanic church.
- The Roman Emperor
During AD 306, a Roman emperor named Constantine was threatened by a very powerful enemy army. Realizing that his uneasy troops needed confidence, Constantine claimed to have seen a vision on the eve of battle.
- He saw a large blue flag with a red cross on it and heard a mighty voice that said, In hoc signo vinces – “In this sign conquer.”
- He thereupon marched his troops into a shallow river, claimed them to be official baptized, and ordered the sig of the cross painted on all his weapons. Thus, inspired he led his troops to victory and subsequently made Christianity the state religion of Rome.
- The Roman priests of Tammuz soon discovered that they could easily make the transition into Christianity (with certain changes) and thereupon carried their rituals forward without interruption, corrupting some segments of the Christian tradition.
- Thus, for nearly 300 years the devil had desperately attempted to destroy the church from the outside by his terrible persecutions. But with the advent of Constantine he changed his tactics, walking the aisle to work from the inside.
- Dispersion and division
German theologian Erich Sauer likens the multiplicity of languages to a broken mirror: “The original language in which Adam in Paradise had named all the animals was, as it were, a great mirror in which the whole of nature was accurately reflected. But now God shattered this mirror, and each people retained only a fragment of it, the one a larger, the other a smaller piece, and now each people sees only a piece of the whole, but never the whole completely”. (Dawn of World Redemption, p. 82).
“That is why it was called Babel” (11:9).
- This tower project may have been named by Nimrod himself.
- Babel literally means “gate of God.” Thus, mankind attempted to assuage their uneasy consciences by acknowledging some vague and impersonal “grand architect of the universe.” But it didn’t work!
- God changed the meaning of the word Babel to mean “Confusion”
- After Dispersion (11:10-27)
In Gen. 9:24-27, we read Noah’s curse on Canaan, Ham’s son (10:6), ancestor of the evil Canaanites.
- Here and in 10:22-31 we have a list of Shem’s descendants, who were blessed (9:26).
- From Shem’s descendants, came Abram and the entire Jewish nation which would eventually conquer the land of Canaan in the days of Joshua.
- The Eber
Another person of particular interest in the genealogical list of Genesis 10 and 11 is Eber (“Heber” Gen. 10:21-25; 11:14-17).
- Some scholars believe that it was he who gave his name to the people of God (Hebrews, “descendants of Heber”).
- The importance given to his name in Gen 10 and 11 would give credence to this although others would derive the name “Hebrew” from the verb “to pass over,” “those who passed over the Euphrates” and migrated to Palestine.
- The life-span suddenly shortened after he died (Gen. 11:16-18)
- When, where and how did the distinct racial characteristics of modern mankind begin?
Dr. Henry Morris explains how small populations generate distinct ethnic characteristics relatively quickly:
As each family and tribal unit migrated away from Babel, not only did they develop a distinctive culture, but also they each developed distinctive physical and biological characteristics.
- Since they could communicate only with members of their own family unit, there was no further possibility of marrying outside the family.
- Hence, it was necessary to establish new families composed of very close relative’s for several generations at least.
- It is well established genetically that variations take place very quickly in a small inbreeding population.
In a small population, however, the genes that may be present in its members, will have opportunity to become openly expressed and even dominant under these circumstances. Thus, in a very few generations of such inbreeding, distinctive characteristics of skin color, height, hair texture, facial features, temperament, environmental adjustment, and others, could come to be associated with particular tribes and nations. (The Genesis Record, p.276)